Care Touch
Care Touch nitrile gloves
Non-sterile, powder-free examination and protective gloves (101202)
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Disposable gloves

What are disposable gloves? 

Disposable gloves are special gloves. They protect patients and personnel equally against infections, they are most commonly used in the medical sector and they get disposed directly after the usage. Further areas of application: in laboratories, for cleaning personnel, in the food sector as well as for hairdressers, etc. The material of choice? The most common used materials are either vinyl, latex or nitrile.

1. Which material?
2. Vinyl gloves, Latex gloves or Nitrile gloves?
3. What are disposable gloves for?
4. Disposable gloves according the European standard 455 (DIN EN 455)
5. Powdered or unpowdered gloves? Advantages & Disadvantages

1. Disposable gloves – Which material?

Advantages and disadvantages of gloves made of vinyl, latex or nitrile

Gloves are indispensable in the medical sector, belongs to the most essential consumables and protects from infectious diseases or from cross contaminations for both medical professionals and patients!

Before the purchase of disposable gloves, the materials play an important role for the purchasing decision. In most cases the choice falls on one of the three main materials, as long as the user does not prefer gloves made of polyethylene (PE-foil). Gloves made of polyethylene are most likely found in the food industry or at hairdressers.

The anatomy of the hand as a factor is equally considered as the necessity of free movement of the hand. The materials are particular tearproof, durable and safe, while at the same time having thin materials, which gives the examination gloves a good tactile sensitivity. Depending on the product, a textured fingertip provides an excellent grip. The gloves are ambidextrous and convinces through the skin-friendly properties. Thanks to the high elasticity from modern materials, the donning of the disposable gloves is quick and easy.

2. Vinyl gloves, Latex gloves or Nitrile gloves? Depends on the intended use?

Latex gloves are considered as the classics among gloves. Though it could cause allergic reactions to the user. In such cases, nitrile gloves or vinyl gloves are the better choice. The only trade-off by choosing vinyl gloves instead of the others are the fit and the chemical resistance.

Nitrile gloves are also latex free and besides that they convince through high wear comfort, similar to latex gloves. Furthermore, nitrile gloves have a high elasticity and tear resistance.

3. What are disposable gloves for?

Which working conditions requires the use of disposable gloves?

Factors considered as indicators of skin protecting measures in form of gloves are:

  • Toxins
  • Infectious agents
  • Corrosives
  • Allergens
  • Irritants
  • Or the simplified cleaning of the skin

“Disposable gloves offer protection against aggressive substances and infectious materials”. “Though they shall not be worn longer than necessary. Gloves shall be changed regularly (Recommended time: 15 to 30 min.) “, according to Dr. Ute Pohrt, BGW*

Depending of the chosen materials, the gloves are applicable for multiple areas of applications. Depending on the situation, it shall be decided independently which type of glove is most appropriate. Typically, gloves are used in the medical area – for caring and nursing of elderly or sick persons – as they are watertight and protect against pathogens.

Also, practical: it can further be applied for activities which involves a lot of dirt or painting. Whether it involves picking and sorting leaves, during caring or nursing of patient, in the kitchen or while processing fish or seafood.

Disposable gloves – The most common norms and risks:

  • EN 420: General requirements
  • EN 455: For medical usage
  • EN 388: Mechanical risks
  • EN 374: Chemicals and microorganisms

4. Disposable gloves according the European standard 455 (DIN EN 455)

The European standard EN 455 plays an inherent role in the healthcare sector. In other words: Disposable gloves according to the standard DIN EN 455 fulfils very special requirements, which approves the application in the medical sector. This standard is consisting of four parts.

1. Disposable gloves DIN EN 455 – Freedom from holes (EN 455-1):

Special tests checks, whether the disposable glove is tight and is free from holes. If no water molecule is leaking under stress, the disposable glove is approved.

2. Disposable gloves DIN EN 455 – Physical properties (EN 455-2):

To determine the physical properties of the glove, the external dimensions are measured – to control the standard sizes – and a force at break test is conducted to control the tearing resistance.

3. Disposable gloves DIN EN 455 – Powder, chemicals, endotoxins (EN 455-3):

This test measures endotoxin contaminations of sterile gloves, powder residue for powder free gloves, chemical residue in general and leachable proteins in natural rubber latex gloves. On one hand it is required to have 2 to 10 mg of powder, but on the other hand disposable powder free gloves are only allowed to contain a maximum of 2 mg powder. A special procedure, according to ISO 21171, measures the required amount of powder. This standard also requires minimising the amount of leachable proteins to a minimum. How the amount of proteins is measured, or natural rubber latex allergens and amino acids, is also described in this section. An example of measuring: The adjusted Lowry-Method.

4. Disposable gloves DIN EN 455 – shelf life determination (EN 455-4):

In the last section of the European standard 455 the shelf life of a disposable glove is defined to be – as a general rule – five years after production date. The disposable gloves shelf life is already determinable directly after production, by conducting an acceleration test, and thereby determining how long the glove is usable. The aging process is imitated in a very special oven and after aging the glove has to go through various tests. With disposable sterile gloves, the same tests are also conducted on the product five years after the production, but also on the sterile packaging. The dispensers shall also be printed with correct labels. First if the product has received positive results in all four parts, the product is in accordance with the European standard 455.

5. Powdered or unpowdered gloves? Advantages & Disadvantages

The most commonly used materials for the production of disposable gloves: vinyl, latex or nitrile. Despite the chosen materials, the gloves can either be produced as a powdered or powder free variant.

Powdered disposable gloves

  • The advantage of powdered disposable gloves is, that it ensures an easier donning
  • The powder absorbs humidity and sweat
  • The powder transfers proteins on the skin. On one hand this can cause skin irritations and thereby also cause hand eczema. On the other hand, by removing a powdered latex glove, latex proteins get into the air, which then can be inhaled and thereby causes irritations of the mucous membranes.

Powdered disposable gloves are unsuitable for the application in the food industry. Why? It very easy: The powder can get on to the food and thereby cause contaminations.

Unpowdered disposable gloves – For the more sensible type of skin 

  • Powder free gloves are the first and only choice for applications involving food.
  • Powder free gloves are also suitable persons suffering from an allergy. The powder of powdered gloves can in some cases cause skin irritations.
  • Powder free gloves are healthier for the skin, as there is no residual powder on the hands. Thereby the skin is particularly protected.
  • Very hygienic

Gloves | Protective- and examination gloves – Comfortable. Safe. Hygienic.

During the everyday use in the medical or hygienic areas, the wearing of disposable gloves is a necessity. The assortment of GHC covers the area for medical examination gloves.

The medical examination gloves captivate through the excellent fit and high wear comfort. They are suitable, depending of the chosen product, for a safe handling of cleaning agents and disinfectants or also for the contact with other chemicals for cleaning activities, for the handling of food or to place a catheter. The application areas are broad ranging from ambulance services, doctors, hairdressers, in processing industry, in the kitchen and gastronomy, in nursing homes or hospitals. The GHC medical examination gloves are offered in Blue or transparent.

*www.bgw-online.de/SharedDocs/Downloads

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